Yu County’s Ancient Walled Towns and Fireworks of Molten Iron

Ancient towns and forts, the Lantern Festival parade, and the 300-year old local tradition that sees molten iron being flung against the city walls in lieu of a fireworks display!

Level 1
2–4 hours walking about each day. (Can I do it?)

This hike is not currently scheduled

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Dashuhua performance in Yuxian, Hebei
Part of the Dashuhua performance, where molten iron is flung against the city wall to create showers of sparks.

Lantern Festival Special!

On this two-day trip to Yu County in Hebei Province you’ll see the rowdy and colourful Lantern Festival street parade and take in a performance that includes Da Shu Hua, a 300-year old local tradition that translates as ‘making a tree of flaming flowers’ and results in molten iron being flung against the city walls in lieu of a fireworks display! We'll walk the streets of well-preserved Nuanquan Ancient Town, visiting the old forts and temples, as well as visiting Jimingyi, the remnants of a Ming Dynasty postal relay center.

Note: we’ll be outside quite a bit, and the weather is sure to be freezing - bring all the warm clothes you’ve got, and then bring a few extra layers just in case!

Yu County and Zhangjiakou

Yu County is part of the larger Zhangjiakou prefecture-level city in Hebei Province. Zhangjiakou is right on the main route to Beijing from the northwest, and has been the site of fortifications and wars since ancient times – notably, the Badger’s Mount Campaign in which Genghis Khan won a huge battle against the Jin Dynasty in 1211. Zhangjiakou used to be known as Kalgan, which is a transliteration of its name in Mongolian: The Gate.

Yuxian Ancient City

There’s been a town at Yuxian since the Southern and Northern Dynasties period (386-589), with the area at the time being under the control of the Northern Zhou Dynasty (557-581). The ancient city was rebuilt in 1377, during the Ming Dynasty, and a lot of that construction remains and is well-preserved—some say it’s the closest best-preserved ancient city to Beijing.

The key sights in the Yuxian Ancient City are the Jade Emperor Pavilion, the Nan’an Pagoda (Liao Dynasty, 907-1125), and the Buddha temple.

But perhaps the best part of Yuxian, during the Lantern Festival, is how lively it gets, with people packing in to see a large street parade, with performers, floats, and dance groups make circuits of the town square. Click to see six photos of the New Year festival sights at Yuxian

Nuanquan Town

Close by to Yuxian is Nuanquan Town, notable for a site named Xigubao, or the West Castle. The castle was around 67,000 square metres in size and surrounded by high walls of rammed earth. Key parts of the walls were strengthened with brick, and the structure followed a defensive pattern known as The Urn, whereby attacking enemies could be trapped between inner and outer gates ‘like turtles in an urn.’

As well as the castle, Nuanquan is famous for a tradition of papercutting – on our scouting trip, we picked up some really good ones!

Da Shu Hua: Fireworks of Molten Iron

Throwing ladles-full of molten iron against tall brick walls creates a fireworks-like sparkle that looks like the canopy of a leafy tree. The dashuhua (making a tree of flaming flowers) performance has been a local tradition in Nuanquan Town for over 300 years, said to have come about because of the many blacksmiths of the town.

These days, it’s done part of a performance that includes a song and dance routine that illustrates a local legend that culminates with swords being melted down to revive a maiden who’d given her life in order to make the swords better, on the advice of a magician.

Whether there are magicians about or not, it’s still a spectacular sight, and the performance is likely to be attended by quite a crowd. For obvious reasons, it’s an outdoor show, and at night, so we’ll need to wrap up warmly so we don’t freeze before all the action. The performance lasts for approximately an hour, and the splashing about of the molten iron should take up 15 minutes of that hour.

Lantern Festival street performances

Street performance, Yuxian, Hebei

Lantern Festival street parade and performances. Four photos from the Lantern Festival parades and performances

More photos of the Yuxian New Year Festivities

  1. Street performance
  2. Street performance
  3. Street performance

On the afternoon of the first day of the trip we'll be able to get right amongst the action, as the Lantern Festival street parade makes loops around the town square, near our hotel. The parade and performance is one of the main reasons we've scheduled this visit, and it's sure to be fun! Click through the photos above to get an idea of what we might see.


Cockscomb Mountain, Hebei

The old town of Jimingyi, with Cockscomb Mountain in the distance. Click to see two more photos from Jimingyi

More photos of the Yuxian New Year Festivities

  1. The gates of the old town of Jimingyi

Jimingyi Ancient City was a fortified postal relay or staging station, built and used during the Ming Dynasty. The extremely tall and thick walls have a total length of just under two kilometers, and were constructed in the same manner as some of the Great Wall: rammed earth in the middle, with an outer layer of bricks.

In the past, this must have been a very important place: as well as the huge walls, other fortifications include large gates topped by towers, towers on each corner of the main walls, and more outside. Inside the walls, there are five main streets that divided the city into planned and orderly sections - administration in the middle, stables and barns at the north, and other areas for accommodation.


We’ll stay a night in a 4-star hotel. Each room at the hotel has a private shower and bathroom, and towels and bedding are provided. You’ll be sharing a room with another hiker. If you'd like a room to yourself, it can be arranged at an extra cost of 185 RMB, if a room is available—usually not a problem!


Main meals and drinks, plus water to drink during the hikes, are included in the price of the hike. We'll be eating Chinese food at restaurants in the towns. Breakfast on the second day is at the hotel. Bring some snacks and some spending money to buy extras. Please let us know if you have any special dietary requirements or food allergies.


  1. Day 1
    08:00 – Bus leaves from Liangmaqiao pickup point.
    08:30 – Bus departs from Lido Hotel Starbucks.
    12:30 – Arrive at Yuxian and check in to hotel. (est.)
    13:00 – Lunch.
    14:30 – Watch the parade.
    16:00 – Drive to the north gate of the old town, start the walk through town to the south gate.
    16:30 – Visit Chenghuang Temple and the Temple of the City God, and take a look at the city walls, walk on to the south gate.
    17:30 – Drive to Nuanquanzhen, get ready for the Dashuhua performance.
    18:30 – Local folk performance and Dashuhua show.
    19:30 – Return to hotel for dinner after the show.

  2. Day 2
    07:00 – Breakfast at the hotel restaurant.
    08:30 – Check out of the hotel, leave bags at desk, drive over to Nuanquanzhen
    09:00 – Tour of Nuanquanzhen.
    13:30 – Back at the hotel restaurant for lunch
    14:30 – Begin the drive to Jimingyi.
    15:00 – Sightseeing walk around Jimingyi.
    16:00 – Depart from Jimingyi.
    19:00 – Arrive at the Lido Hotel.
    19:30 – Arrive at the Liangmaqiao subway.
    All times approximate, our return to Beijing could be later if traffic is bad!

What to bring on this trip

  • Lots of warm clothes: hat, thick gloves and socks, scarf, thermal layers, and thick outer layers.
  • Passport / ID card.
  • Wash bag and toothbrush.
  • Snacks to eat between meals.
  • Cameras, phones, chargers.
  • Anything you can’t do without (personal medication, chocolate).

Reasons you might not enjoy this trip

  • It's not a hiking trip – mostly sightseeing and a lot of walking around with just a wee bit of hiking.
  • It's likely to be very cold out there while we're walking about!

COVID-19 and participation precautions

The current precautions are minimal. Please read in full here: Operating hikes under COVID-19 precautions

Related content

Photos and trip reports: Yu County’s Ancient Walled Towns and Fireworks of Molten Iron

  1. Yu County overnight, 2023/01

    Yu County overnight, 2023/01

    See the sights of Chinese New Year in Yu County—the Dashuhua show, street performers and dances, plus ancient architecture and rural village visits.
  2. Yu County’s overnight trip, 2016/2/10-11

    Yu County overnight trip, 2016/02

    See 68 photos from our February 2016 trip to Yu County to see the traditional street parades and performances for Chinese New Year.

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